What makes a community safe? Public safety is about whether people feel safe and whether the community has the conditions it needs to be safe for its residents. Public safety relates to community vitality, economy, education and health.
PERCEPTIONS OF PUBLIC SAFETY
How many adults feel safe walking on their street after dark?
What this measures: The percentage of adults who feel safe walking on their street after dark.
Why this matters: Feeling safe is an important measure of community well-being. Many elements contribute to how safe people feel in their community. These include the public safety system, the built and natural environments, and community vitality.
What this relates to: Health, environment, community vitality.
Data source: Gallup. Percentages were calculated from raw survey data by LiveStories, based on the following survey question: 'Do you feel safe and secure?' (column ID: HWB23), where an answer of 'Agree' or 'Strongly Agree' was counted as 'feel safe.'
How many traffic-related fatalities occur in the United States each year?
What this measures: How many people died during car crashes per 100,000. This can be people who died who were in the vehicle, pedestrians, bicyclists, and others.
Why this matters: Infrastructure and safety-related behaviors contribute to this rate. Infrastructure includes road conditions, road design, and presence of protected bicycle lanes. Behaviors include seat belt use and intoxicated driving.
What this relates to: Health, preventable death.
Data source: CDC Wonder, queried based on the following parameters: Underlying cause of death, ICD-10 codes: V02-V04, V09.0, V09.2, V12-V14, V19.0-V19.2, V19.4-V19.6, V20-V79, V80.3-V80.5, V81.0-V81.1, V82.0-V82.1, V83-V86, V87.0-V87.8, V88.0-V88.8, V89.0, V89.2.
How many juveniles are incarcerated throughout the United States?
What this measures: The number of youth under 18 years old who are in prison.
Why this matters: Youth who have been in juvenile detention or prison face a higher risk of illness and death than their peers. This increased risk persists throughout their lifetimes.
What this relates to: Equity, health, education, financial security, community vitality.
How many law enforcement officers are there compared to the population of the United States?
What this measures: The number of law enforcement officers per 1,000 residents.
Why this matters: High levels of police represent over-policing and a threat to public safety especially in communities of color. This leads to increased incarceration rates, police violence and perpetuates inequities in poor communities.
What this relates to: Equity, incarceration.
How do violent crime rates compare across the United States?
What this measures: The number of violent crimes per 100,000 people. This includes murder, manslaughter, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault.
Why this matters: High levels of violent crime can threaten a community's sense of safety and well-being. High crime rates can also deter residents from pursuing healthy behaviors, such as exercising outdoors. It has been shown to increase stress, high blood pressure and obesity rates.
What this relates to: Community vitality, health, incarceration.
Other Interesting Measures
• Number of homicide fatalities per 100,000 population. Source: DHHS, CDC, NCHS.
• Number of property crimes (i.e., burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, arson) per 100,000 population. Source: DOJ.
• Rate of child abuse reports or indications (in development). Source: State and local Departments of Child Services.
• Number of domestic assaults reported per 100,000 population. Source: DOJ, CDC.
• Deaths with underlying causes of drug-related poisonings (age-adjusted rate per 100,000). Source: CDC.
PERCEPTIONS OF PUBLIC SAFETY
• Perceptions around police (in development). Source: To be developed.
• Number of first responders (i.e., paramedics, firefighters, police) per 1,000 residents. Source: To be developed.